Borneo is the third-largest island in the world and is shared by the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak as well as Indonesian Kalimantan and the tiny nation of Brunei. Home to the oldest rainforest in the world, large caves and river systems and lofty mountains, Borneo has an incredible range of biodiversity with hundreds of species of birds, bats, plants, flowers and insects living in this ecologically precious part of the world. With some of South-East Asia’s best wildlife and community experiences for students, Borneo is a student adventure not to be missed.
Study of Borneo’s rainforest, at 140 million years old, is one of the oldest in the world. It is the centre of the evolution and distribution of many endemic species of plants and animals. The rainforest is one of the few remaining natural habitats for the endangered Bornean orangutan as well as an important refuge for the Asian elephant, the Sumatran rhinoceros, the Bornean clouded leopard, the Hose’s civet and the Dayak fruit bat.
The rainforests of Borneo have been significantly reduced due to deforestation, logging and the production of palm oil. Study the impacts of an unsustainable resource ex-traction economy, now struggling towards diversification. Borneo aims to accelerate the state’s economic growth, as well as improve the quality of life for its people through renewable energy and sustainability programmes for energy production.
Borneo, with its tourism focussed on wildlife and the natural landscape, has embraced many eco-tourism ideas. Study the effects of local cultural, social, political and economic influences on eco-tourism within Borneo. Discuss initiatives to enhancing eco-tourism potential with due consideration to sustainable development through feedback from local communities and various stakeholders.
Study the period during World War II, where the Imperial Japanese Army gained con- trol and occupied Borneo from January 1942 till September 1945. The Japanese sent several thousand of Allied troops including Australian and British prisoners of war to internment camps in Borneo such as Kuching, Labuan, Ranau, and Sandakan.